Glossary of Terms

Table of Contents

Building Information Model (BIM) A product or intelligent digital representation of data about a capital facility. BIM authoring tools are used to create and aggregate information which had, before BIM, been developed as separate tasks with non-machine interpretable information in a paper-centric process (NBIMS, 2007).

Building Information Modeling – The process of developing and using a Building Information Model (NBIMS, 2007).

Create Task - Authoring, expanding, refining, and identifying constraints and parameters which advance the development of the facility concept with increasing level of detail as the concept evolves (Leicht, 2009).

Examine Task - Reviewing the design/solution for viability and to ensure compliance with the project goals, code requirements, and owner and design intent (Leicht, 2009).

Focus Task - Identifying the concept(s) which best satisfy project requirements and offer the best opportunity for advancing the project (Leicht, 2009).

Integrate Task - Combining information from design/problem-solving subtasks ensuring the extent of compatibility amongst the compiled concepts and systems (Leicht, 2009).

Integrated Project Delivery - A project delivery method that integrates people, systems, business structures and practices into a process that collaboratively harnesses the talents and insights of all participants to optimize project results, increase value to the owner, reduce waste, and maximize efficiency through all phases of design, fabrication, and construction. IPD represents a return to the "Master Builder" concept where the entire building team including the owner, architect, general contractor, building engineers, fabricators, and subcontractors work collaboratively throughout the construction process (AIA, 2007; Matthews and Howell, 2005).

Interactive Workspace - An Interactive Workspace is a technologically augmented team-project room that represent a specific sub-domain of ubiquitous computing (Johansen and Fox, 2004).

Virtual Environment - A partially or totally computer based sensory input environment (Air Force, 1994).

Virtual Prototype - The design or construction of a computer model for realistic capabilities and simulation (Pratt, 1994).


Air Force (1994). Glossary, Proceedings of the NSIA Spacecast 2020 Symposium, 9-10 November 1994, Washington, DC, USA.

AIA (2007). American Institute of Architects California Council May 15, 2007

Johanson, B. and Fox, A. (2004). Extending tuplespaces for coordination in Interactive Workspaces. Journal of Systems and Software,// 69(3), 243-266.
Leicht, R. M. (2009). A framework for planning effective collaboration using interactive workspaces. Ph.D. Thesis, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

Matthews, O. and Howell, G. (2004). Integrated project delivery: An example of relational contracting. Relational Contracting Symposium, Lean Construction Institute, Atlanta, Dec. 22, 2004.

NBIMS (2007). National building information modeling standard, Version 1.0, Facilities Information Council, National Institute of Building Standards, Washington, DC, USA.

Pratt, M. J. (1994). "Virtual prototypes and product models in mechanical engineering." Proceedings of the IFIP WG 5.10 workshops on virutal environments and their applicaitons and virtual prototyping, Providence, RI, USA, 113-128.